The article below was Published June 2015 in The Superyacht Report.
The current fleet of 5,008 yachts on the water is predicted to grow to 6,044 by 2020, according to The Superyacht Intelligence Annual Report 2015. With more yachts on the market and a growing demand for up-to-date facilities and services in destinations worldwide, marinas will need to improve and expand upon their infrastructure to keep demand for yachting tourism high in popular cruising grounds. Al Maiorino, president of public affairs firm Public Strategy Group, reports on how to garner local support for these developments.
Infrastructure development is about a great deal more than just securing investors and property for a new marina. Local communities must understand the benefits of expanding upon a country’s existing infrastructure to help maintain a steady flow of tourists to their shores. This need to educate and engage communities in response to a development proposal in the industry is especially relevant in the Caribbean, where tourism is often the largest contributor to countries’ gross domestic product (GDP). With revenue and employment opportunities up for grabs, destinations must be strategic about informing local residents of what is at stake economically if others expand and upgrade their infrastructure and they do not. These advancements play an important part in attracting visitors and maintaining a healthy economy.
A United Nations (UN) report published in February 2014 analyzed the recreational demand for yachting and marina services as one sector of the Caribbean tourism industry. As part of his research, the report’s author, Willard Phillips, economic affairs officer for the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, compiled a table detailing the distribution of marinas in the Caribbean (right), showing that yachting destinations vary greatly in their infrastructure capacity. St Maarten has grown to accommodate the highest number of marinas and berths with 13 and 1,020 of each, respectively, catering to varying lengths. As a rapidly growing destination in terms of passenger arrivals and cruise ship port infrastructure, this island has a structure that many destinations may look to emulate.
What the UN report ultimately finds is that “income in the source market, airline ticket cost and frequency of hurricanes [are] the three variables most likely to influence a consumer’s decision to yacht in the Caribbean”. As a result, the study recommends targeting an even higher income bracket. However, such an approach may be perceived by community members to only be of benefit to this demographic and not to local inhabitants, despite the positive outcomes a new marina development could bring. Hence, when a luxury megayacht proposal comes to town, local residents feel their natural surroundings and way of life are threatened, rather than secured by the increase in revenue and economic security for tourism as a whole. As a result, careful attention must be given to educating the masses for proposals that cater to the select clientele in the yachting industry.
As Caribbean destinations become more competitive due to tourists’ desires to explore more remote and exotic destinations, infrastructure and tourism products must be upgraded in order for these locations to remain relevant. These upgrades are often accompanied by projects to refresh shore excursions, tours, shopping and dining experiences, roadways, walkways and more. However, the extent and culmination of upgrades can disrupt the status quo – of both yachting infrastructure directly and tourism as a whole indirectly – and communities need to be well informed of the long-term benefits of a new development so that public support can be demonstrated as the project makes its way through the local and federal approval processes. Otherwise, public opposition to projects in the yachting industry, from yacht clubs to marinas, can sink projects before construction even begins.
Initiate Outreach To The Community
Communities must be well informed of the project details for any proposal from the start to prevent the spread of misinformation and to dispel any preconceived notions
of dredging or construction as a threat to the environment. A variety of outreach methods should be used, including both direct mailing and open-house information sessions.
Targeted direct mail allows for the opportunity to highlight the project’s benefits with regards to jobs, revenue and bolstering the tourism industry; direct mail still makes an effective first introduction of the project to the community. When followed by an open-house information session, residents will be able to gain an in-depth understanding of the proposal and any questions or concerns can be addressed directly by the company itself. These events open channels of communication between project experts and residents and allow supporters to sign up to write letters or attend advocacy meetings later on. The key point is to not wait until opposition arises to begin building public support.
Identify And Maintaina Database
It is important to create a database of supportive residents and stakeholders in order to be able to quickly mobilize support when needed. Any email addresses obtained at the open house should be added to an email list database that can provide supporters with rapid updates. Additionally, telephone identification of all households in a target community is an efficient way to identify support. This quick phone call to every household is not intended to be a scientific poll to gauge support, but rather it is an attempt to make an introduction, gauge opinion on an individual level and lay the foundation for a follow-up about advocacy efforts. By coding all households as supportive, undecided or against the proposal, the database becomes a source of information that can be organized in a variety of ways.
An immense amount of data is available and should be harnessed for campaigns
to identify and target the most likely demographic of support. Communications can be targeted to specific political districts, voting households, income levels or a variety of other demographics most likely to help your cause. To further illustrate the magnitude of useful data available, projects in this industry can often benefit from targeting households that have donated to environmental groups, for example, filtering mitigation messaging through the most effective channels. As a whole, this database allows for outreach to be structured like a political-style campaign.
Social media is an important tool that promotes campaign messaging and creative content. In the same way that opponents can quickly mobilize an advocacy base through social media, so too can project supporters. When supporters create their own social media page in favor of the project, it allows an organic growth of the supporter network. Sharing the stories behind why each citizen supports the proposal is an important part of the process because, in the social sphere, people are often more willing to share or believe something a friend shares or posts over top-down messaging from a company. Content that highlights easily digestible sound bites about project facts or reasons of support from community members can spread quickly to gain new support and even generate earned media coverage. Social media sites that are updated regularly allow supporters instant access to information about hearings or new project endorsements. Advertising on social media is also an effective way to reach potential supporters. Geo-targeting ads and highlighting particular interests that would be relevant to likely supporters, such as Facebook ads, is a way to target a custom audience. This venue for advertising will help add ‘likes’ to a social media page or generate clicks for new impressions on a project website. In general, web ads are a more cost-effective way to drive traffic to a project website or landing page than print ads and are a useful tool to help educate the public.
Host Grassroots Supporter Meetings
At the core of any public affairs campaign is the cultivation of relationships with advocates. Some of the best advocates are identified through cold calls made during the telephone identification process and the key here is in the follow-up. All supporters must be invited to small group meetings and should be provided with project fact sheets, letter writing guides and general information about engaging with their public officials in support of the project. This initial meeting should be followed by regular social media engagement among supporters as well as additional meetings immediately prior to hearings to review important messaging.
The community contains a wealth of suitable advocates, each of whom arrives at their supportive opinion from a different perspective. One enthusiastic supporter may be an engineer or environmental expert while another may have been a former regulator. It takes meetings with these people to get to know their own narrative of support to be able to bring all advocates together as a cohesive whole. Once this task is well on its way, the strategic letters to the editor sent, and public officials prepare the decision makers for hearings, the line of opponents waiting to speak will be matched by an eager and informed base of support.
The question all investors and developers in the industry should ask themselves is how to prevent an opposition campaign against their future projects (see side bar on Coral Bay Marina). In a matter of hours or days pages on social media can arise
in opposition to a project, so companies must be prepared to launch public outreach to educate before the first application is even submitted. Supportive letters and hearing testimony can make all the difference in the public perception and the reception of a proposal by public officials. Opponents of projects typically remain steadfast in their beliefs, but with their vocal campaigns, supporters’ opinions fall by the wayside, overshadowed by sheer volume. However, by identifying core advocates early on and with a proactive approach, yachting proposals can maintain support throughout the duration of the permitting process for successful project approval.